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CHRONOLOGY  


KNANAYA CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

NOTE: This Chronology list is not final and is in the process of updating. If you notice any important event missing, please let the webmaster know of it.

Year Month/date Event
Before 1911
52 November-19 St. Thomas the Apostle arrived in Muziris (near Kodungalloor) in Kerala. He established seven churches: Kodungalloor, Palayoor, Paravur (Kottakkavu), Kokkamangalam, Chayal (Nilackel), Niranam and Kollam.
72 July-19 Martyrdom of St. Thomas the Apostle at Chinnamala, Mylapore, Chennai (Tamil Nadu).
345   Arrival of Thomas of Kynai at Kodungalloor with bishop Uraha Mar Yausef, four priests, several deacons and 72 families from the Middle East.
1599 June 20-26  Synod of Diamper.
1599 November-19 Francis Rose S.J. nominated first Latin Bishop of Syrians.
1600 August-19 Extension of the Rule of Padroado on Syrians.
1610 December-19 Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricts the all India jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south.
1653 January-19 Coonan Cross Oath of the Syrians at Mattancherry, near Kochi against the Portuguese Padroado at the time of Archbishop Garcia S.J.
1647 December Archbishop Garcia Appoints Fr. Jerome Furtado as Vicar General in place of the traditional Archdeacon.
1653 May-19 “Episcopal ordination” of Thomas the Archdeacon at Alangad by 12 priests of St. Thomas Christians.
1665-71   Spread of Jacobite Faith by Mar Gregorios in Malabar.
1887 May-20 Pope Leo XIII separated the Syrians from the Archdiocese of Verapoly and established two independent Vicariates of Kottayam (including Northists and Suddists) and Thrisur directly under the Holy See. Charles Lavigne was appointed as Vicar Apostolic of Kottayam and Adolf Medlycott as Vicar Apostolic of Thrisur (“Quod Jam Pridem”).
1890 September-19 Seat of Kottayam Vicariate moved to Changanassery.
1892 June-19 Establishement of Sisters of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (SVM) at Kaipuzha, Kottayam.
1896 July-19 Pope Leo XIII established the Vicariates of Ernakulam with territories from both Vicariates of Changanasery and Thrissur. Mar Aloysius Pazheparambil (Ernakulam), Mar Mathew Makkil (Changanassery), and Mar John Menachery (Thrissur) were made the bishops (“Quae Rei Sacrae”).
1896 October-15 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Mathew Makil along with Mar Aloysious Pazheparambil and Mar John Menachery at Kandy in Sri Lanka.
From 1911
1911 August-29 Pope Pius X reestablished Kottayam Vicariate for the Knanaya (Suddists) Community of the Syrians (Pro Gente Sudhistica) who were belonging to Changanassery and Ernakulam vicariates (“In Universi Christiani”) and appointed Mar Mathew Makil as its first bishop.
1913 July-11 Death of Bishop Charles Lavigne in France. He was bishop of Kottayam / Changanssery from 1887-1896.
1914 January-26 Death of Mar Mathew Makil at Kottayam.
1914 July-16 Pope Pius X appointed Alexander Choolaparambil as the Vicar Apostolic of Kottayam.
1914 November-1 Episcopal consecration of the Bishop Mar Alexander Choolaparambil in Kandy, Sri Lanka.
1921 January-19 Foundation of Eparchial Society of the Oblates of the Sacred Heart (OSH).
1921 July 5 Holy See allowed to use the Malankara liturgical rite for those who were renunited with the Catholic Church by the intervention of Mar Alexander Choolaparambil.
1923 December-21 Pope Pius XI elevated Kottayam vicariate as a diocese (“Romani Pondifices”) and made Mar Alexander Choolaparambil as its bishop.
1928 July-19 Foundation of Sisters of St Joseph Congregation (SJC) at Kottayam.
1932 June-19 Establishment of Syro-Malankara hierarchy.
1945 June-9 Pope Pius XII appointed Mar Thomas Tharayil as co-adjutor bishop of Kottayam.
1945 October-7 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Thomas Tharayil at Christ the King Cathedral by Mar Alexander Choolaparambil.
1945 October-19 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Thomas Tharayil at Christ the King Cathedral by Mar Alexander Choolaparambil.
1950 July-19 Pope Pius XII established the Diocese of Pala and appointed Mar Sebastian Vayalil as its first bishop.
1951 January-8 Death of Mar Alexander Choolaparambil at the Bishop’s House in Kottayam.
Coadjutor Bishop Mar Thomas Tharayil took charge as bishop of Kottayam.
1955 April-19 The personal jurisdiction of the bishop of Kottayam was extended to the juridical territory of the Syro-Malabar church by a Decree of the Oriental Congregation 1812/48 as per the direction of People Pius XII.
1956 July 26/29 Pope Pius XII elevated the Diocese of Changanasery and archdiocese and make Kottayam and Pala at its suffragan dioceses (“Regnum Caelorum”).
1967 December-9 Pope Paul VI appointed Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry as the Co-adjutor bishop of Kottayam.
1968 February-24 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry at Sacred Heart Mount, Kottayam by the Prefect of the Oriental Congregation.
1974 May-5 Mar Thomas Tharayil retired.
Co-adjutor Bishop Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry took charge as the bishop of Kottayam.
1975 July-26 Death of Mar Thomas Tharayil at the Chaplain’s quarters of Caritas Hospital.
1977 March-19 Appointment of Mar Abraham Viruthakulangara as bishop of the New Diocese of Khandwa in Bhopal.
1977 July-19 Episcopal consecration of Mar Abraham Viruthakulangara.
1978 September-19 Mar Antony Padiyara was appointed as Apostolic Visitor of Non-resident Keralite Syro-Malarians by Pope John Paul I.
1986 February-19 Pope John Paul II had lunch and rest at Bishop’s house at Kottayam after the beatification ceremony of Blessed Kuriakose Elias Chavara and Blessed Alphonsa.
1998 January-19 Appointment of Mar Abraham Viruthakulangara as Archbishop of Nagpur.
1998 April-19 Mar Abraham Viruthakulangara took charge as Archbishop of Nagpur.
1998 December-28 Pope John Paul II appointed Mar Mathew Moolakkatt as the Auxiliary bishop of Kottayam.
1999 January-6 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Mathew Moolakkatt at Vatican by Pope John Paul II.
2001 March-19 Eparchy of St. Thomas of Chicago, USA. Bishop Mar Jacob Angadiath was appointed as its first bishop and the Apostolic Visitor to Canada.
All the Knanaya Catholics and their missions in the USA came under this diocese.
2001 July-19 Episcopal Consecration of Mar Jacob Angadiath in Chicago and the inauguration of the diocese.
2003 August-15 Appointment of Mar Mathew Moolakkatt as the Co-adjutor of the Diocese of Kottayam.
2003 December-23 Pope John Paul II made a soverign decision that the status quo (pro gente suddistica) of the Eparchy of Kottayam be maintained.
2005 May-19 Eparchy of Kottayam made Archieparchy and Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry was elevated as the Archbishop of Kottayam by Cardinal Mar Varkey Vithayathil.
2005 June-19 Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry’s official elevation as the Archbishop of Kottayam by Mar Varkey Vithayathil.
2005 December-19 Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry retired and Mar Mathew Moolakkatt took charge as the Archbishop of Kottayam.
2005 December-7 Mar George Palliparambil from Mrala parish was appointed as the bishop of Miao in Arunachal Pradesh.
2006 January-14 Mar Mathew Moolakkatt took charge as the Archbishop of Kottayam.
2006 February-26 Episcopal consecration of Mar George Palliparambil who took charge as the bishop of the new diocese of Miao.
2006 September-19 Appointment of Mar Joseph Pandarasseril as the auxiliary bishop of Kottayam Archdiocese.
2006 October-28 Episcopal consecration of Mar Joseph Pandarasseril by Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry.
2011 September-8 Episcopal consecration of Mar James Thoppil from Arunoottimangalam parish. He took charge as the bishop of Kohima, Nagaland.
2013 December-19 Appointment of Mar Simon Kaipuram from Kannamkara parish as bishop of Balasore.
2014 January-19 Announcement of the erection of the Syro-Malabar Eparchy of St. Thomas, the Apostle, Melbourne, Australia and the appointment of Bishop Bosco Puthur as its first bishop and the Apostolic Visitor to New Zealand.
Announcement of the appointment of Bishop Raphael Thattil Apostolic Visitor to the Syro-Malabar faithful in the territories outside the Syro-Malabar eparchies in India.
2014 January-19 Episcopal consecration of Mar Simon Kaipuram, C.M.
2014 February-19 Commissioning of the Apostolic Visitor Mar Raphael Thattil at Mount St. Thomas.
2014 January-19 Appointment of Mar Bosco Puthur as Bishop of Syro - Malabar Eparchy of Melbourne, Austrelia.
2014 March-19 Installation of Mar Bosco Puthur as Bishop of Syro - Malabar Eparchy of Melbourne.
2014 June-19 Announcement of Fr. Joy Alappat as the Auxiliary Bishop of the Syro-Malabar Diocese of Chicago.
2014 September-19 Episcopal Ordination of Mar Joy Alapatt in Chicago
2015 September-19 Episcopal ordination of Mar Jose Kalluvelil as the Apostolic exarch of Canada with See at Mississauga.
2016 May-3 Appointment of Mar Kurian Mathew Vayalumkal from Neendoor parish as the Apostolic nuncio to Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.
2016 July-25 Episcopal consecration of nuncio for Vatican Mar Mathew (Biju) Vayalumkal at Christ the King Cathedral.
2016 July-19 Fr. Joseph Srampickal is appointed as the bishop of Preston in Great Britain and Fr. Stephen Chirappanath as the Apostolic Visitor for the Syro-Malabar faithful in Europe. 
2016 October-19 Episcopal consecration of Mar Joseph Srampickal.
2016 October-19 Appointment of Mar Thomas Thennatt from Koodalloor parish as bishop of Gwalior.
2016 November-19 Episcopal consecration of Mar Stephen Chirappanath.
2017 January-19 Consecration of Bishop Thomas Thennatt as bishop of Gwalior, Bhopal.
2017 June-19 Death of Archbishop Mar Kuriakose Kunnacherry.
2017 October-19 Syro-Malabar church received the right for evangelization and pastoral service all over India.
2018 April-19 Death of Mar Abraham Viruthakulangara, Archbishop of Nagpur.
2018 December-19 Death of Mar Thomas Thenatt, bishop of Gwalior, Bhopal.
2019 April-19 Death of Mar Simon Kaipuram, Bishop of Balasore.